The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
The following list of included studies is for multicomponent interventions to increase breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer screening.
Ahmed N, Haber G, Semenya K, Hargreaves M. Randomized controlled trial of mammography intervention in insured very low-income women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2010;19(7):1790-8.
Allen B, Bazargan Hejazi S. Evaluating a tailored intervention to increase screening mammography in an urban area. J Natl Med Assoc 2005;97(10):1350-60.
Aragones A, Schwartz M, Shah N, Gany F. A randomized controlled trial of a multilevel intervention to increase colorectal cancer screening among Latino immigrants in a primary care facility. J Gen Intern Med 2010;25(6):564-7.
Armelao F, Orlandi PG, Tasini E, et al. High uptake of colonoscopy in first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer in a healthcare region: a population-based, prospective study. Endoscopy 2010;42(1):15-21.
Biswas M, Whalley H, Foster J, Friedman E, Deacon R. Women with learning disability and uptake of screening: audit of screening uptake before and after one to one counselling. J Public Health 2005;27(4):344-7.
Blumenthal D, Fort J, Ahmed N, et al. Impact of a two-city community cancer prevention intervention on African Americans. J Natl Med Assoc 2005;97(11):1479-88.
Blumenthal D, Smith S, Majett C, Alema Mensah E. A trial of three interventions to promote colorectal cancer screening in African Americans. Cancer 2010;116(4):922-9.
Bowen D, Powers D. Effects of a mail and telephone intervention on breast health behaviors. Health Educ Behav 2010;37(4):479-89.
Braun K, Fong M, Kaanoi M, Kamaka M, Gotay C. Testing a culturally appropriate, theory-based intervention to improve colorectal cancer screening among Native Hawaiians. Prev Med 2005;40(6):619-27.
Byrnes P, McGoldrick C, Crawford M, Peers M. Cervical screening in general practice – strategies for improving participation. Aust Fam Physician 2007;36(3):183-4, 92.
Cardarelli K, Jackson R, Martin M, et al. Community-based participatory approach to reduce breast cancer disparities in south Dallas. Prog Community Health Partnersh 2011;5(4):375-85.
Charters T, Strumpf E, Sewitch M. Effectiveness of an organized colorectal cancer screening program on increasing adherence in asymptomatic average-risk Canadians. BMC Health Serv Res 2013;13:449.
Chaudhry R, Scheitel S, McMurtry E, et al. Web-based proactive system to improve breast cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2007;167(6):606-11.
Christie J, Itzkowitz S, Lihau Nkanza I, Castillo A, Redd W, Jandorf L. A randomized controlled trial using patient navigation to increase colonoscopy screening among low-income minorities. J Natl Med Assoc 2008;100(3):278-84.
Coronado GD, Golovaty I, Longton G, Levy L, Jimenez R. Effectiveness of a clinic-based colorectal cancer screening promotion program for underserved Hispanics. Cancer 2011;117(8):1745-54.
Danigelis N, Worden J, Flynn B, Skelly J, Vacek P. Increasing mammography screening among low-income African American women with limited access to health information. Prev Med 2005;40(6):880-7.
Decker KM, Turner D, Demers AA, Martens PJ, Lambert P, Chateau D. Evaluating the effectiveness of cervical cancer screening invitation letters. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 2013;22(8):687-93.
Dietrich A, Tobin J, Cassells A, et al. Telephone care management to improve cancer screening among low-income women: a randomized, controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 2006;144(8):563-71.
Dietrich AJ, Tobin JN, Cassells A, et al. Translation of an efficacious cancer-screening intervention to women enrolled in a Medicaid managed care organization. Ann Fam Med 2007;5(4):320-7.
Dietrich AJ, Tobin JN, Robinson CM, et al. Telephone outreach to increase colon cancer screening in Medicaid managed care organizations: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Fam Med 2013;11(4):335-43.
Elkin E, Shapiro E, Snow J, Zauber A, Krauskopf M. The economic impact of a patient navigator program to increase screening colonoscopy. Cancer 2012;118(23):5982-8.
Fang CY, Ma GX, Tan Y, Chi N. A multifaceted intervention to increase cervical cancer screening among underserved Korean women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2007;16(6):1298-302.
Fernández M, Gonzales A, Tortolero Luna G, et al. Effectiveness of Cultivando la Salud: a breast and cervical cancer screening promotion program for low-income Hispanic women. Am J Public Health 2009;99(5):936-43.
Ferreira MR, Dolan N, Fitzgibbon M, et al. Health care provider-directed intervention to increase colorectal cancer screening among veterans: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 2005;23(7):1548-54.
Fiscella K, Humiston S, Hendren S, et al. A multimodal intervention to promote mammography and colorectal cancer screening in a safety-net practice. J Natl Med Assoc 2011;103(8):762-8.
Flight I, Wilson C, Zajac I, Hart E, McGillivray J. Decision support and the effectiveness of web-based delivery and information tailoring for bowel cancer screening: an exploratory study. JMIR Research Protocols 2012;1(2):e12.
Ford ME, Havstad S, Vernon SW, et al. Enhancing adherence among older African American men enrolled in a longitudinal cancer screening trial. Gerontologist 2006;46(4):545-50.
Fouad M, Partridge E, Dignan M, et al. Targeted intervention strategies to increase and maintain mammography utilization among African American women. Am J Public Health 2010;100(12):2526-31.
Gellert K, Braun K, Morris R, Starkey V. The 'Ohana Day Project: a community approach to increasing cancer screening. Prev Chronic Dis 2006;3(3):A99.
Green BB, Wang CY, Anderson ML, et al. An automated intervention with stepped increases in support to increase uptake of colorectal cancer screening: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 2013;158(5 Pt 1):301-11.
Greiner KA, James A, Born W, et al. Predictors of fecal occult blood test (FOBT) completion among low-income adults. Prev Med 2005;41(2):676-84.
Hannon PA, Vu T, Ogdon S, et al. Implementation and process evaluation of a workplace colorectal cancer screening program in eastern Washington. Health Promot Pract 2013;14(2):220-7.
Heyding R, Cheung A, Mocarski EJM, Moineddin R, Hwang S. A community-based intervention to increase screening mammography among disadvantaged women at an inner-city drop-in center. Women & Health 2005;41(1):21-31.
Holland D. Sending men the message about preventive care: an evaluation of communication strategies. International Journal of Men's Health 2005;4(2):97-114.
Holt CL, Shipp M, Eloubeidi M, Fouad MN, Britt K, Norena M. Your body is the temple: impact of a spiritually based colorectal cancer educational intervention delivered through community health advisors. Health Promotion and Practices 2011;12(4):577-88.
Honein-AbouHaidar GN, Baxter NN, Moineddin R, Urbach DR, Rabeneck L, Bierman AS. Trends and inequities in colorectal cancer screening participation in Ontario, Canada, 2005-2011. Cancer Epidemiology 2013;37(6):946-56.
Honeycutt S, Green R, Ballard D, et al. Evaluation of a patient navigation program to promote colorectal cancer screening in rural Georgia, USA. Cancer 2013;119(16):3059-66.
Hou SI. Stage of adoption and impact of direct-mail communications with and without phone intervention on Chinese women's cervical smear screening behavior. Prev Med 2005;41(3-4):749-56.
Husaini BA, Emerson JS, Hull PC, Sherkat DE, Levine RS, Cain VA. Rural-urban differences in breast cancer screening among African American women. J Health Care Poor Underserved 2005;16(4 Suppl A):1-10.
Jandorf L, Gutierrez Y, Lopez J, Christie J, Itzkowitz S. Use of a patient navigator to increase colorectal cancer screening in an urban neighborhood health clinic. J Urban Health 2005;82(2):216-24.
Jean-Jacques M, Kaleba EO, Gatta JL, Gracia G, Ryan ER, Choucair BN. Program to improve colorectal cancer screening in a low-income, racially diverse population: a randomized controlled trial. Ann Fam Med 2012;10(5):412-7.
Kaczorowski J, Hearps SJ, Lohfeld L, et al. Effect of provider and patient reminders, deployment of nurse practitioners, and financial incentives on cervical and breast cancer screening rates. Can Fam Physician 2013;59(6):e282-9.
Katz ML, Tatum C, Dickinson SL, et al. Improving colorectal cancer screening by using community volunteers: results of the Carolinas cancer education and screening (CARES) project. Cancer 2007;110(7):1602-10.
Kempe KL, Shetterly SM, France EK, Levin TR. Automated phone and mail population outreach to promote colorectal cancer screening. Am J Manag Care 2012;18(7):370-8.
Khankari K, Eder M, Osborn CY, et al. Improving colorectal cancer screening among the medically underserved: a pilot study within a federally qualified health center. J Gen Intern Med 2007;22(10):1410-4.
Kim Y, Sarna L. An intervention to increase mammography use by Korean American women. Oncology Nursing Forum 2004;31(1):105-10.
Krist AH, Woolf SH, Rothemich SF, et al. Interactive preventive health record to enhance delivery of recommended care: a randomized trial. Ann Fam Med 2012;10(4):312-9.
Lasser KE, Murillo J, Lisboa S, et al. Colorectal cancer screening among ethnically diverse, low-income patients: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2011;171(10):906-12.
Lebwohl B, Neugut AI, Stavsky E, et al. Effect of a patient navigator program on the volume and quality of colonoscopy. J Clin Gastroenterol 2011;45(5):e47-53.
Leffler DA, Neeman N, Rabb JM, et al. An alerting system improves adherence to follow-up recommendations from colonoscopy examinations. Gastroenterology 2011;140(4):1166-73.e1-3.
Leone LA, Reuland DS, Lewis CL, et al. Reach, usage, and effectiveness of a Medicaid patient navigator intervention to increase colorectal cancer screening, Cape Fear, North Carolina, 2011. Prev Chronic Dis 2013;10:E82.
Levy BT, Xu Y, Daly JM, Ely JW. A randomized controlled trial to improve colon cancer screening in rural family medicine: an Iowa Research Network (IRENE) study. J Am Board Fam Med 2013;26(5):486-97.
Lewis CL, Brenner AT, Griffith JM, Moore CG, Pignone MP. Two controlled trials to determine the effectiveness of a mailed intervention to increase colon cancer screening. N C Med J 2012;73(2):93-8.
Livaudais JC, Coronado GD, Espinoza N, Islas I, Ibarra G, Thompson B. Educating Hispanic women about breast cancer prevention: evaluation of a home-based promotora-led intervention. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 2010;19(11):2049-56.
Ma GX, Shive S, Tan Y, et al. Community-based colorectal cancer intervention in underserved Korean Americans. Cancer Epidemiol 2009;33(5):381-6.
Manne SL, Coups EJ, Markowitz A, et al. A randomized trial of generic versus tailored interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening among intermediate risk siblings. Ann Behav Med 2009;37(2):207-17.
Maxwell A, Bastani R, Danao L, Antonio C, Garcia G, Crespi C. Results of a community-based randomized trial to increase colorectal cancer screening among Filipino Americans. Am J Public Health 2010;100(11):2228-34.
Michielutte R, Sharp PC, Foley KL, et al. Intervention to increase screening mammography among women 65 and older. Health Educ Res 2005;20(2):149-62.
Mosen DM, Feldstein AC, Perrin N, et al. Automated telephone calls improved completion of fecal occult blood testing. Med Care 2010;48(7):604-10.
Moskowitz JM, Kazinets G, Wong JM, Tager IB. "Health is strength": a community health education program to improve breast and cervical cancer screening among Korean American Women in Alameda County, California. Cancer Detect Prev 2007;31(2):173-83.
Myers R, Sifri R, Hyslop T, et al. A randomized controlled trial of the impact of targeted and tailored interventions on colorectal cancer screening. Cancer 2007;110(9):2083-91.
Myers RE, Bittner-Fagan H, Daskalakis C, et al. A randomized controlled trial of a tailored navigation and a standard intervention in colorectal cancer screening. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2013;22(1):109-17.
Nguyen BH, McPhee SJ, Stewart SL, Doan HT. Effectiveness of a controlled trial to promote colorectal cancer screening in Vietnamese Americans. Am J Public Health 2010;100(5):870-6.
Nguyen TT, Le G, Nguyen T, et al. Breast cancer screening among Vietnamese Americans: a randomized controlled trial of lay health worker outreach. Am J Prev Med 2009;37(4):306-13.
Nguyen TT, McPhee SJ, Gildengorin G, et al. Papanicolaou testing among Vietnamese Americans: results of a multifaceted intervention. Am J Prev Med 2006;31(1):1-9.
Otero-Sabogal R, Owens D, Canchola J, Tabnak F. Improving rescreening in community clinics: does a system approach work? J Community Health 2006;31(6):497-519.
Percac-Lima S, Grant RW, Green AR, et al. A culturally tailored navigator program for colorectal cancer screening in a community health center: a randomized, controlled trial. J Gen Intern Med 2009;24(2):211-7.
Percac-Lima S, Ashburner JM, Bond B, Oo SA, Atlas SJ. Decreasing disparities in breast cancer screening in refugee women using culturally tailored patient navigation. J Gen Intern Med 2013;28(11):1463-8.
Persell SD, Friesema EM, Dolan NC, Thompson JA, Kaiser D, Baker DW. Effects of standardized outreach for patients refusing preventive services: a quasiexperimental quality improvement study. Am J Manag Care 2011;17(7):e249-54.
Phillips CE, Rothstein JD, Beaver K, Sherman BJ, Freund KM, Battaglia TA. Patient navigation to increase mammography screening among inner city women. J Gen Intern Med 2011;26(2):123-9.
Pignone M, Winquist A, Schild LA, et al. Effectiveness of a patient and practice-level colorectal cancer screening intervention in health plan members: the CHOICE trial. Cancer 2011;117(15):3352-62.
Potter MB, Namvargolian Y, Hwang J, Walsh JM. Improving colorectal cancer screening: a partnership between primary care practices and the American Cancer Society. J Cancer Educ 2009;24(1):22-7.
Potter M, Somkin C, Ackerson L, et al. The FLU-FIT program: an effective colorectal cancer screening program for high volume flu shot clinics. Am J Manag Care 2011;17(8):577-83.
Powe BD, Ntekop E, Barron M. An intervention study to increase colorectal cancer knowledge and screening among community elders. Public Health Nurs 2004;21(5):435-42.
Richards CA, Kerker BD, Thorpe L, et al. Increased screening colonoscopy rates and reduced racial disparities in the New York Citywide campaign: an urban model. Am J Gastroenterol 2011;106(11):1880-6.
Roetzheim R, Christman L, Jacobsen P, Schroeder J, Abdulla R, Hunter S. Long-term results from a randomized controlled trial to increase cancer screening among attendees of community health centers. Ann Fam Med 2005;3(2):109-14.
Ruffin MTt, Gorenflo DW. Interventions fail to increase cancer screening rates in community-based primary care practices. Prev Med 2004;39(3):435-40.
Sauaia A, Min SJ, Lack D, et al. Church-based breast cancer screening education: impact of two approaches on Latinas enrolled in public and private health insurance plans. Prev Chronic Dis 2007;4(4):A99.
Sequist TD, Zaslavsky AM, Marshall R, Fletcher RH, Ayanian JZ. Patient and physician reminders to promote colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2009;169(4):364-71.
Sequist TD, Zaslavsky AM, Colditz GA, Ayanian JZ. Electronic patient messages to promote colorectal cancer screening: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 2011;171(7):636-41.
Slater JS, Henly GA, Ha CN, et al. Effect of direct mail as a population-based strategy to increase mammography use among low-income underinsured women ages 40 to 64 years. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2005;14(10):2346-52.
Studts CR, Tarasenko YN, Schoenberg NE, Shelton BJ, Hatcher-Keller J, Dignan MB. A community-based randomized trial of a faith-placed intervention to reduce cervical cancer burden in Appalachia. Prev Med 2012;54(6):408-14.
Tanjasiri SP, Sablan-Santos L, Merrill V, Quitugua LF, Kuratani DG. Promoting breast cancer screening among Chamorro women in Southern California. J Cancer Educ 2008;23(1):10-7.
Thompson B, Coronado G, Chen L, Islas I. Celebremos la salud! a community randomized trial of cancer prevention (United States). Cancer Causes & Control 2006;17(5):733-46.
Walsh JM, Salazar R, Nguyen TT, et al. Healthy colon, healthy life: a novel colorectal cancer screening intervention. Am J Prev Med 2010;39(1):1-14.
Wang X, Fang C, Tan Y, Liu A, Ma GX. Evidence-based intervention to reduce access barriers to cervical cancer screening among underserved Chinese American women. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 2010;19(3):463-9.
Wee L, Koh G, Chin R, Yeo W, Seow B, Chua D. Socioeconomic factors affecting colorectal, breast and cervical cancer screening in an Asian urban low-income setting at baseline and post-intervention. Prev Med 2012;55(1):61-7.
Wilf-Miron R, Galai N, Gabali A, et al. Organisational efforts to improve quality while reducing healthcare disparities: the case of breast cancer screening among Arab women in Israel. Qual Saf Health Care 2010;19(5):e36.