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Vaccination Programs: Provider Assessment and Feedback


What the Task Force Found

About The Systematic Review

The Task Force finding is based on evidence from a Community Guide systematic review completed in 2008 [PDF - 166 kB] (19 studies, search period 1997–2007) combined with more recent evidence (1 study, search period 2007–February 2012).

This review was conducted on behalf of the Task Force by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice and policy related to increasing appropriate vaccination.


There is no information for this section.

Summary of Results

Content is in development.

Summary of Economic Evidence

An economic review is pending.


Content is in development.

Evidence Gaps

Each Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) review identifies critical evidence gaps—areas where information is lacking. Evidence gaps can exist whether or not a recommendation is made. In cases when the Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine whether an intervention strategy works, evidence gaps encourage researchers and program evaluators to conduct more effectiveness studies. When the Task Force recommends an intervention, evidence gaps highlight missing information that would help users determine if the intervention could meet their particular needs. For example, evidence may be needed to determine where the intervention will work, with which populations, how much it will cost to implement, whether it will provide adequate return on investment, or how users should structure or deliver the intervention to ensure effectiveness. Finally, evidence may be missing for outcomes different from those on which the Task Force recommendation is based.

Identified Evidence Gaps

Following are areas for additional research and evaluation:

  • Effectiveness of provider assessment and feedback interventions in increasing uptake of vaccines recommended for adolescents
  • Intervention effectiveness in communities with disparities in vaccination rates
  • Effectiveness, utility, and cost-effectiveness of provider assessment and feedback interventions that use regional or state-level immunization information systems (IIS)

Study Characteristics

Content is in development.