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Vaccination Programs: Monetary Sanction Policies


What the Task Force Found

About The Systematic Review

This Task Force finding is based on evidence from a Community Guide systematic review completed in 2011 (2 studies, search period January 1980-November 2009). A more recent search for evidence (search period 2009-February 2012) did not identify any new studies to be included in the systematic review. This finding updates and replaces the previous Task Force finding on Monetary Sanction Policies pdf icon [PDF - 463 kB].


There is no information for this section.

Summary of Results

Content is in development.

Summary of Economic Evidence

An economic review of this intervention was not conducted because the Task Force did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.


Applicability of this intervention across different settings and populations was not assessed because the Task Force did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Evidence Gaps

Each Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) review identifies critical evidence gaps—areas where information is lacking. Evidence gaps can exist whether or not a recommendation is made. In cases when the Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine whether an intervention strategy works, evidence gaps encourage researchers and program evaluators to conduct more effectiveness studies. When the Task Force recommends an intervention, evidence gaps highlight missing information that would help users determine if the intervention could meet their particular needs. For example, evidence may be needed to determine where the intervention will work, with which populations, how much it will cost to implement, whether it will provide adequate return on investment, or how users should structure or deliver the intervention to ensure effectiveness. Finally, evidence may be missing for outcomes different from those on which the Task Force recommendation is based.

Identified Evidence Gaps

Following are areas for additional research and evaluation:

  • Effectiveness of monetary sanction policies
  • Potential harms, including health and financial effects of these policies, on families requiring assistance
  • Attributes of different sanction policies and any associations with effectiveness or potential harms
  • Effectiveness and potential harms of these policies in communities with disparities in vaccination rates

Study Characteristics

Content is in development.


There are no publications for this systematic review.