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Dental Caries (Cavities): Community-Based Initiatives to Promote the Use of Dental Sealants


What the CPSTF Found

About The Systematic Review

The CPSTF finding is based on evidence from a systematic review of three studies (search period 1946-2012). The systematic review was conducted on behalf of the CPSTF by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice, and policy related to oral health. This finding updates and replaces the 2000 review on Statewide or Community-Wide Sealant Promotion pdf icon [PDF – 215 KB].

Summary of Results

Included studies evaluated interventions that used education, mass media, financial incentives, or a combination of these methods.

  • One intervention offered financial incentives to dental health professionals and saw a significant 9.8 percentage point increase in the number of children who received sealants.
  • Neither education (2 study arms) nor mass media (1 study) showed significant effects on sealant use.

Summary of Economic Evidence

An economic review of this intervention was not conducted because CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.


Applicability of this intervention across different settings and populations was not assessed because CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Evidence Gaps

CPSTF identified several areas that have limited information. Additional research and evaluation could help answer the following questions and fill remaining gaps in the evidence base. (What are evidence gaps?)

  • More evidence is needed to assess the effectiveness of community-based sealant promotion initiatives for increasing sealant use.
  • Additionally, research should be done to better understand dental health professionals' beliefs and other barriers that prevent change with regard to sealant application.

Study Characteristics

  • Included evidence comes from the United States (2 studies) and the United Kingdom (1 study).
  • Studies reported the percentage of children who received sealants, the number of sealants applied per child, and the extent of sealant use among dentists.