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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), § 4003(b)(1) amends the Public Health Service (PHS) Act to add Section 399U Community Preventive Services Task Force, which authorizes the provision of an independent Community Preventive Services Task Force convened by the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It also describes duties of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (heretofore known as the Task Force on Community Preventive Services, and referred to hereafter as the Community Preventive Services Task Force or "Task Force"), which include:
"…providing yearly reports to Congress and related agencies identifying gaps in research and recommending priority areas that deserve further examination, including areas related to populations and age groups not adequately addressed by current recommendations." (ACA, § 4003(b)(1); PHS Act § 399U(b)(6)) (ACA pages 425-426)
The 2011 annual report was prepared by the Task Force in response to this legislation.
Decision makers in communities, companies, health departments, health plans and healthcare systems, non-governmental organizations, and at all levels of government can better protect and improve the public’s health by knowing what works. For this, they can rely on recommendations by the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force), compiled in The Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide; www.thecommunityguide.org). These recommendations identify programs, services, and policies proven effective in a variety of real-world settings—such as communities, worksites, schools, and health plans. Task Force recommendations empower community, local, state, federal, tribal, territorial, corporate, public health, and healthcare decision makers to optimize resources to:
- Protect and improve health;
- Reduce demand for future healthcare spending that is driven by preventable disease and disability; and
- Increase productivity and competitiveness of the U.S. workforce.
This report—the Task Force’s first Annual Report to Congress—provides background on the Task Force, its methods, findings, and recommendations, and describes both gaps in existing research on community preventive services and priorities for future Task Force efforts.
The 2012 Annual Report to Congress outlines current Task Force reviews and recommendations, along with evidence gaps that can be filled through additional research and evaluation. The report also summarizes how recommendations are used, Task Force accomplishments over the year, and the priorities for future Task Force efforts.
The 2013 Annual Report to Congress outlines Task Force recommendations and evidence gaps related to preventing and controlling cardiovascular disease. It also summarizes the full list of prevention opportunities reviewed by the Task Force, lists key accomplishments since the 2012 report, and lays out priorities and plans for coming years.
Guiding Community Health Outcomes through Evidence
Annual Report to Congress, Federal Agencies and Prevention Stakeholders, including a Special Update on Recommendations to Prevent Cancers
In the 2016 Annual Report to Congress, the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) helps to build the evidence base for public health programs, policies, and services. This report summarizes accomplishments from the past year, and lays out future priorities and plans.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) recommends behavioral interventions to reduce recreational sedentary screen time among children aged 13 years and younger based on strong evidence of effectiveness.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends built environment approaches that combine one or more interventions to improve pedestrian or bicycle transportation systems with one or more land use and environmental design interventions based on sufficient evidence of effectiveness in increasing physical activity.
Comprehensive tobacco control programs are coordinated efforts to implement population-level interventions to reduce appeal and acceptability of tobacco use, increase tobacco use cessation, reduce secondhand smoke exposure, and prevent initiation of tobacco use among young people.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends comprehensive tobacco control programs based on strong evidence of effectiveness in reducing tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends combined diet and physical activity promotion programs for people at increased risk of type 2 diabetes based on strong evidence of effectiveness in reducing new-onset diabetes.
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends center-based early childhood education programs to improve educational outcomes that are associated with long-term health and social- and health-related outcomes.