The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
Barnard RJ, Jung T, Inkeles SB. Diet and exercise in the treatment of NIDDM: the need for early emphasis. Diabetes Care 1994;17:1469–72.
Barnard RJ, Lattimore L, Holly RG, Cherny S, Pritikin N. Response of non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients to an intensive program of diet and exercise. Diabetes Care 1982;5:370–4.
Brown SA, Hanis CL. A community-based, culturally sensitive education and group-support intervention for Mexican Americans with NIDDM: pilot study of efficacy. Diabetes Educ 1995;21:203–10.
Brown SA, Upchurch SL, Garcia AA, Barton SA, Hanis CL. Symptom-related self-care of Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes: preliminary findings of the Starr County Diabetes Education Study. Diabetes Educ 1998;24:331–9.
Drainville SG, Sevier RE. One community's approach to diabetes education. N C Med J 1984;45:169–71.
Elshaw EB, Young EA, Saunders MJ, McGurn WC, Lopez LC. Utilizing a 24-hour dietary recall and culturally specific diabetes education in Mexican Americans with diabetes. Diabetes Educ 1994;20:228–35.
Hahn JM, Gordon DH. 'Learn, taste, and share': a diabetes nutrition education program developed, marketed, and presented by the community. Diabetes Educ 1998;24:153–4, 161.
Heath GW, Wilson RH, Smith J, Leonard BE. Community-based exercise and weight control: diabetes risk reduction and glycemic control in Zuni Indians. Am J Clin Nutr 1987;53(Suppl 6):1642S–6S.
Pratt C, Wilson W, Leklem J, Kingsley L. Peer support and nutrition education for older adults with diabetes. J Nutrition Elderly 1987;6:31–43.
Wang CY, Abbott LJ. Development of a community-based diabetes and hypertension preventive program. Public Health Nurs 1998;15:406–14.
Wilson R, Hoy W. Short-term effects of participation in a community-based exercise program: A study in the pueblo of Zuni. IHS Primary Care Provider 1993;18:126–31.
Wilson W, Pratt C. The impact of diabetes education and peer support upon weight and glycemic control of elderly persons with noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Am J Public Health 1987;77:634–5.
The medical literature was searched through December 2000 by using the MEDLINE database of the National Library of Medicine (commenced in 1966), the Educational Resources Information Center database (ERIC, 1966), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health database (CINAHL, 1982), Healthstar (1975), Chronic Disease Prevention database (CDP, health promotion and education subfile, 1977), and the Combined Health Information Database (CHID, diabetes subfile and health promotion and education subfile, 1985).
The medical subject headings (MeSH) searched (including all subheadings) were diabetes mellitus and diabetes educators combined with any of the following headings: community, community health services, patient education, health education, self-care, self-efficacy, self-help groups, blood glucose self-monitoring, and public health.
Text word searches were performed by using the following terms: community, self-care, self-manag* (wildcard search), self-help groups, blood glucose self-monitoring, and patient counseling.
Abstracts were not included, as they generally had insufficient information to assess the validity of the study according to Community Guide criteria. Dissertations were also excluded, as the available abstracts contained insufficient information for evaluation, and the full text was frequently unavailable.
Titles and abstracts of articles extracted by the search were reviewed for relevance, and if potentially relevant the full-text article was retrieved. We reviewed reference lists of included articles and consulted our team of experts (the authors and the consultants listed in the Acknowledgments) for relevant citations.
There is no information for this section.