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Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure: Community Education to Reduce Secondhand Smoke Exposure in the Home

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What the CPSTF Found

About The Systematic Review

The CPSTF finding is based on evidence from a systematic review which identified only one study (search period 1980 - 2000).

The systematic review was conducted on behalf of the CPSTF by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice, and policy related to reducing tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure.

Context

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Summary of Results

Detailed results from the systematic review are available in the published evidence review pdf icon [PDF - 6.38 MB].

One study qualified for the review and it evaluated a randomized trial of home nurse visits to help families reduce infant exposure to secondhand smoke.

Summary of Economic Evidence

An economic review of this intervention was not conducted because the CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Applicability

Applicability of this intervention across different settings and populations was not assessed because the CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Evidence Gaps

Additional research and evaluation are needed to answer the following questions and fill existing gaps in the evidence base.

  • How effective are educational methods in reducing secondhand smoke exposure in the home?
  • What are the relative contributions to reducing secondhand smoke exposure of (1) adherence to policies that ban or restrict smoking in the home, and (2) smoking cessation?
  • Do policies in the home that ban or restrict smoking reduce exposure to secondhand smoke? In adults? In children? Are households with children more likely to adopt policies that ban or restrict smoking in the home?
  • Are home smoking bans more effective than smoking restrictions?
  • What information or message is effective in prompting and maintaining practices in the home?
  • What channels are effective for dissemination of information to reduce secondhand smoke exposure in the home?

Study Characteristics

The single qualifying study evaluated a randomized trial of home nurse visits intended to help families reduce infant exposure to secondhand smoke.

Publications