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HIV, Other STIs, and Teen Pregnancy: Youth Development Behavioral Interventions to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adolescents Coordinated with – Work or Vocational Training

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What the CPSTF Found

About The Systematic Review

The CPSTF finding is based on evidence from a systematic review of 5 studies (search period 1980-2008). The systematic review was conducted on behalf of the CPSTF by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice, and policy related to preventing HIV/AIDS, other STIs, and teen pregnancy.

Summary of Results

Detailed results from the systematic review are available in the CPSTF finding pdf icon [PDF - 133 KB].

Five studies qualified for the review.

  • The included studies targeted recruited adolescents (ages 10–19 years), had some sexual risk reduction content, and had to include sexual risk behavior outcomes.
  • Self-reported pregnancy: median decrease of 0.8% (interquartile interval:-42% to 4%) among program participants (5 studies)
  • Self-reported sexual risk behaviors: mixed results (4 studies)
  • Five additional studies examined the relationship between work intensity and problem behaviors. In general, problem behaviors were associated with working more than 20 hours per week, which suggests that students who maintain higher intensity work schedules (i.e. more than half-time) during school are more likely to experience problems with emotional distress, substance abuse, and sexual risk behaviors.

Summary of Economic Evidence

An economic review of this intervention was not conducted because the CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Applicability

Applicability of this intervention across different settings and populations was not assessed because the CPSTF did not have enough information to determine if the intervention works.

Evidence Gaps

No content is available for this section.

Study Characteristics

No content is available for this section.