The Community Preventive Services Task Force finds insufficient evidence to determine whether transportation and travel policies and practices increase physical activity or fitness. Only one study qualified for review.
Transportation and travel policies and practices encourage walking and bicycling as a means of transportation. Approaches include the following:
- Facilitating walking, bicycling, and public transportation use
- Increasing the safety of walking and bicycling
- Reducing car use
- Improving air quality
Environmental changes that support these goals include changing roadway design standards, creating or enhancing bike lanes, expanding or subsidizing public transportation, providing bicycle racks on buses, or increasing parking costs.
Read the Task Force finding [PDF 131 kB].