Analytic Framework [PDF – 886 KB] – see Figure 1 on page 276
When starting an effectiveness review, the systematic review team develops an analytic framework. The analytic framework illustrates how the intervention approach is thought to affect public health. It guides the search for evidence and may be used to summarize the evidence collected. The analytic framework often includes intermediate outcomes, potential effect modifiers, potential harms, and potential additional benefits.
The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
Anderson NLR, Koniak-Griffin D, Keenan CK, Uman G, Duggal BR, Casey C. Evaluating the outcomes of parent-child family life education... including commentary by Hayman LL.Scholarly Inquiry for Nursing Practice 1999 Fall; 13(3): 211-38 (64 ref).
Blake SM, Simkin L, Ledsky R, Perkins C, Calabrese JM. Effects of a parent-child communications intervention on young adolescents' risk for early onset of sexual intercourse. Fam Plann Perspect 2001;33(2):52-61.
Borawski EA, Trapl ES, Lovegreen LD, Colabianchi N, Block T. Effectiveness of Abstinence-only Intervention in Middle School Teens. American Journal of Health Behavior Vol 29(5) Sep-Oct 2005, 423 434 2005<
Christopher F, Roosa MW. An evaluation of an adolescent pregnancy prevention program: Is "Just Say No" enough? Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies 1990;39(1):68-72.
Clark MA, Trenholm C, Devaney B, Wheeler J, Quay L. Impacts of the Heritage Keepers Life Skills Education Component. 2007. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Clark LF, Miller KS, Nagy SS et al. Adult identity mentoring: reducing sexual risk for African-American seventh grade students. J Adolesc Health 2005 October;37(4):337.
Jorgensen SR, Potts V, Camp B. Project Taking Charge: Six Month Follow-Up of a Pregnancy Prevention Program. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies 1993;42:401-6.
Kirby D, Korpi M, Barth RP, Cagampang HH. The impact of the Postponing Sexual Involvement curriculum among youths in California. Fam Plann Perspect 1997;29(3):100-8.
St Pierre TL, Mark MM, Kaltreider DL, Aiken KJ. A 27-Month Evaluation of a Sexual Activity Prevention Program in Boys and Girls Clubs Across the Nation. Family Relations: Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies 1995;44:69-77.
Trenholm C, Devaney B, Forston K, Quay L, Wheeler J, Clark MA. Impacts of Four Title V, Section 510 Abstinence Education Programs. Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.; 2008.
Weed S, Ericksen IH, Lewis A, Grant GE, Wibberly KH. An Abstinence Program's Impact on Cognitive Mediators and Sexual Initiation. Institute for Research and Evaluation. Unpublished Work
Weed S, Olsen JA, DeGaston J, Prigmore J. Predicting and Changing Teen Sexual Activity Rates: A Comparison of Three Title XX Programs. 1992. Unpublished Work
Weed S. Evaluation Report- Heritage Community Services Program Year 2004-2005 (2nd Year of Evaluation). 2005. Unpublished Work
Weed S, Ericksen IH, Birch PJ. An Evaluation of the Heritage Keepers Abstinence Education Program. 2005. Unpublished Work
Weed S, Anderson N. What Kind of Abstinence Education Works? Comparing Outcomes of Two Approaches. 2007. Unpublished Work
Young M, Core-Gebhart P, Marx D. Abstinence Oriented Sexuality Education Initial Field Test Results of the Living Smart Curriculum. FL Educator; 1992.
The following outlines the search strategy for these group-based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce the risk of adolescent pregnancy, HIV, or other STIs: comprehensive risk reduction, and abstinence education interventions.
With the assistance of a CDC librarian, the team searched for published studies in the following databases: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PubMed, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science, ERIC, POPLINE, NTIS, EPO, CRISP, and the online Cochrane Controlled Trials Register. In addition, we also reviewed references listed in all retrieved articles, published and unpublished reports provided by team members and elsewhere, and references from a search of an electronic database continuously updated and maintained by Prevention Research Synthesis (PRS) in the Division of HIV and AIDS Prevention at CDC.
The teams considered studies for inclusion if they were:
- Published between 1988 and 2007
- Published in English
- Studies conducted in the United States
Portions of the search terms below in parentheses indicate allowances for variation of a keyword, such as the singular and plural versions.
- (1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 or 6 or 7 or 8 or 9)
- Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome or AIDS
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- (11 or 12 or 13 or 14 or 15 or 16 or 17 and prevent(ion/ing)
- Sex(ual) Behavior(s)
- (Sex(ual)) Risk(y) Behavior(s)
- Sex(ual) Risk Reduction
- Sex(ual) Risk Taking
- Sex(ual) Risk Avoidance
- Teen/adolescent/teenage pregnancy
- Unwanted pregnancy
- Unintended pregnancy
- Postpon(ing) sex/intercourse
- Delay(ing) sex/intercourse
- Sexual Activity
- Sexual Acts
- Protected Sex
- Sexual Involvement
- Repeated Childbearing
- Repeat Pregnancies
- Fertility Control
- (18 through 39OR’d together)
- Program evaluation
- Outcome stud(ies)
- Primary Prevention
- Impact stu(dies)
- Follow-up stud(ies)
- (41through 54OR’d together)
- 10 and 40 and 55
Finally, to focus the search results to US-based studies, the following search terms/geographic locations were EXCLUDED:
- Atlantic Islands
- Caribbean Region
- Central Region
- Central America
- Indian Ocean Islands
- Latin America
- Pacific Islands (not Hawaii)
- South America
Note: This strategy was used rather than the INCLUSION of US-based studies because not all US-based studies are explicitly indexed as such; some allow for the assumption of a US-based study unless otherwise indicated.