The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).
Aarons SJ, Jenkins RR, Raine TR et al. Postponing Sexual Intercourse among Urban Junior High School Students-A Randomized Controlled Evaluation. Journal of Adolescent Health 2000;27(4):236-47.
Aten MJ, Siegel DM, Enaharo M, Auinger P. Keeping middle school students abstinent: outcomes of a primary prevention intervention. J Adolesc Health 2002;31(1):70-8.
Barth RP, Fetro JV, Leland N, Volkan K. Preventing adolescent pregnancy with social and cognitive skills. Journal of Adolescent Research 1992;7(2):208-32.
Booth RE, Zhang Y, Kwiatkowski CF. The challenge of changing drug and sex risk behaviors of runaway and homeless adolescents. Child Abuse Negl 1999;23(12):1295-306.
Boyer CB, Shafer MA, Tschann JM. Evaluation of a knowledge- and cognitive-behavioral skills-building intervention to prevent STDs and HIV infection in high school students. Adolescence 1997;32(125):25-42.
Coyle K, Basen-Engquist K, Kirby D et al. Safer choices: reducing teen pregnancy, HIV, and STDs. Public Health Rep 2001;116(Suppl 1):82-93.
Coyle KK, Kirby DB, Marin BV, Gomez CA, Gregorich SE. Draw the line/respect the line: a randomized trial of a middle school intervention to reduce sexual risk behaviors. Am J Public Health 2004;94(5):843-51.
Coyle KK, Kirby DB, Robin LE, Banspach SW, Baumler E, Glassman JR. All4You! A randomized trial of an HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy prevention intervention for alternative school students. AIDS Educ Prev 2006;18(3):187-203.
DiClemente RJ, Wingood GM, Harrington KF et al. Efficacy of an HIV prevention intervention for African American adolescent girls: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2004;292(2):171-9.
DiIorio C, Resnicow K, McCarty F et al. Keepin' it R.E.A.L.!: results of a mother-adolescent HIV prevention program. Nurs Res 2006;55(1):43-51.
DiIorio C, McCarty F, Resnicow K, Lehr S, Denzmore P. REAL men: a group-randomized trial of an HIV prevention intervention for adolescent boys. Am J Public Health 2007;97(6):1084-9.
Ferguson SL. Peer counseling in a culturally specific adolescent pregnancy prevention program. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved 1998;9(3):322-40.
Fisher JD, Fisher WA, Bryan AD, Misovich SJ. Information-motivation-behavioral skills model-based HIV risk behavior change intervention for inner-city high school youth. Health Psychology 2002;21(2):177-86.
Flay BR, Graumlich S, Segawa E, Burns JL, Holliday MY. Effects of 2 prevention programs on high-risk behaviors among African American youth: a randomized trial. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2004;158(4):377-84.
Gillmore MR, Morrison DM, Richey CA, Balassone ML, Gutierrez L, Farris M. Effects of a skill-based intervention to encourage condom use among high risk heterosexually active adolescents. AIDS Educ Prev 1997;9(Suppl 1):22-43.
Hubbard BM, Giese ML, Rainey J. A replication study of Reducing the Risk, a theory-based sexuality curriculum for adolescents. J Sch Health 1998;68(6):243-7.
Jemmott JB, III, Jemmott LS, Fong GT. Abstinence and safer sex HIV risk-reduction interventions for African American adolescents: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1998;279(19):1529-36.
Jemmott JB, III, Jemmott LS, Braverman PK, Fong GT. HIV/STD risk reduction interventions for African American and Latino adolescent girls at an adolescent medicine clinic: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2005;159(5):440-9.
Jemmott JB, Jemmott LS, Fong GT. Reductions in HIV risk-associated sexual behaviors among Black male adolescents: Effects of an AIDS prevention intervention. American Journal of Public Health 1992;82(3):372-7.
Jemmott JB, III, Jemmott LS, Fong GT, McCaffree K. Reducing HIV risk-associated sexual behavior among African American adolescents: Testing the generality of intervention effects. American Journal of Community Psychology 1999;27(2):161-87.
Kennedy MG, Mizuno Y, Hoffman R, Baume C, Strand J. The effect of tailoring a model HIV prevention program for local adolescent target audiences. AIDS Education and Prevention 2000;12(3):225-38.
Kirby D, Korpi M, Adivi C, Weissman J. An impact evaluation of project SNAPP: An AIDS and pregnancy prevention middle school program. AIDS Education and Prevention 1997;9(1, Suppl):44-61.
Koniak-Griffin D, Lesser J, Nyamathi A, Uman G, Stein JA, Cumberland WG. Project CHARM: An HIV prevention program for adolescent mothers. Family & Community Health 2003;26(2):94-107.
LaChausse RG. Evaluation of the Positive Prevention HIV/STD Curriculum. American Journal of Health Education 2006;37(4):203-9.
Li X, Stanton B, Feigelman S, Galbraith J. Unprotected sex among African-American adolescents: a three-year study. J Natl Med Assoc 2002;94(9):789-96.
Lieberman LD, Gray H, Wier M, Fiorentino R, Maloney P. Long-term outcomes of an abstinence-based, small-group pregnancy prevention program in New York City schools. Fam Plann Perspect 2000;32(5):237-45.
Lightfoot M, Comulada WS, Stover G. Computerized HIV preventive intervention for adolescents: indications of efficacy. Am J Public Health 2007;97(6):1027-30.
Magura S, Kang SY, Shapiro JL. Outcomes of intensive AIDS education for male adolescent drug users in jail. Journal of Adolescent Health 1994;15(6):457-63.
Main DS, Iverson DC, McGloin J, Banspach SW. Preventing HIV infection among adolescents: Evaluation of a school-based education program. Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory 1994;23(4):409-17.
McBride D, Gienapp A. Using randomized designs to evaluate client-centered programs to prevent adolescent pregnancy. Fam Plann Perspect 2000;32(5):227-35.
McGraw SA, Smith KW, Crawford SL, Costa LA, McKinlay JB, Bullock K. The Effectiveness of Poder Latino: A Community-Based HIV Prevention Program for Inner-City Latino Youth. New England Research Institutes; 2002.
Moberg D, Piper DL. The Healthy for Life Project: Sexual risk behavior outcomes. AIDS Education and Prevention 1998;10(2):128-48.
Morrison-Beedy D, Carey MP, Kowalski J, Tu X. Group-based HIV risk reduction intervention for adolescent girls: evidence of feasibility and efficacy. Res Nurs Health 2005;28(1):3-15.
Morrison DM, Hoppe MJ, Wells EA et al. Replicating a teen HIV/STD preventive intervention in a multicultural city. AIDS Educ Prev 2007;19(3):258-73.
O'Donnell L, Stueve A, Doval AS et al. The effectiveness of the reach for health community youth service learning program in reducing early and unprotected sex among urban middle school students. American Journal of Public Health 1999;89(2):176-81.
Paine-Andrews A, Harris KJ, Fisher JL et al. Effects of a replication of a multicomponent model for preventing adolescent pregnancy in three Kansas communities. Fam Plann Perspect 1999;31(4):182-9.
Pearlman DN, Camberg L, Wallace LJ, Symons P, Finison L. Tapping youth as agents for change: Evaluation of a peer leadership HIV/AIDS intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health 2002;31(1):31-9.
Philliber S, Allen J. Life Options and Community Service: Teen Outreach Program. Preventing Adolescent Pregnancy: Model Programs and Evaluations 1992;140:139-55.
Philliber S, Kaye JW, Herrling S, West E. Preventing pregnancy and improving health care access among teenagers: an evaluation of the children's aid society-carrera program. Perspect Sex Reprod Health 2002;34(5):244-51.
Rotheram-Borus MJ, Koopman C, Haignere C, Davies M. Reducing HIV sexual risk behaviors among runaway adolescents. JAMA 1991;266(9):1237-41.
Rotheram-Borus MJ, Gwadz M, Fernandez MI, Srinivasan S. Timing of HIV interventions on reductions in sexual risk among adolescents. Am J Community Psychol 1998;26(1):73-96.
Rotheram-Borus MJ, Stein JA, Lester P. Adolescent adjustment over six years in HIV-affected families. J Adolesc Health 2006;39(2):174-82.
Rotheram-Borus MJ, Song J, Gwadz M, Lee M, Van Rossem R, Koopman C. Reductions in HIV risk among runaway youth. Prevention Science 2003;4(3):173-87.
Siegel DM, Aten MJ, Enaharo M. Long-term effects of a middle school- and high school-based human immunodeficiency virus sexual risk prevention intervention. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2001;155(10):1117-26.
Sikkema KJ, Anderson ES, Kelly JA et al. Outcomes of a randomized, controlled community-level HIV prevention intervention for adolescents in low-income housing developments. AIDS 2005;19(14):1509-16.
Slonim-Nevo V, Auslander WF, Ozawa MN, Jung KG. The long-term impact of AIDS-preventive interventions for delinquent and abused adolescents. Adolescence 1996;31(122):409-21.
Smith MA. Teen Incentives Program: evaluation of a health promotion model for adolescent pregnancy prevention. J Health Educ 1994;25(1):24-9.
Smith MU, Dane FC, Archer ME, Devereaux RS, Katner HP. Students together against negative decisions (STAND): evaluation of a school-based sexual risk reduction intervention in the rural south. AIDS Educ Prev 2000;12(1):49-70.
Smith P, Weinman M, Parrilli J. The role of condom motivation education in the reduction of new and reinfection rates of sexually transmitted diseases among inner-city female adolescents. Patient Education and Counseling 1997;31(1):77-81.
St Lawrence JS, Brasfield TL, Jefferson KW, Alleyne E, O'Bannon RE, III, Shirley A. Cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce African American adolescents' risk for HIV infection. J Consult Clin Psychol 1995;63(2):221-37.
St Lawrence JS, Jefferson KW, Alleyne E, Brasfield TL. Comparison of education versus behavioral skills training interventions in lowering sexual HIV-risk behavior of substance-dependent adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol 1995;63(1):154-7.
St Lawrence JS, Crosby RA, Brasfield TL, O'Bannon RE, III. Reducing HIV and STD Risk Behavior of Substance Dependent Adolescents: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology 2002;70(4):1010-21.
St.Lawrence JS, Crosby RA, Belcher L, Yazdani N, Brasfield TL. Sexual Risk Reduction and Anger Management Interventions for Incarcerated Male Adolescents: A Randomized Control Trial of Two Interventions. Journal of Sex Education and Therapy 1999;24(1&2):9-17.
Stanton B, Cole M, Galbraith J et al. Randomized trial of a parent intervention: parents can make a difference in long-term adolescent risk behaviors, perceptions, and knowledge. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2004;158(10):947-55.
Stanton B, Guo J, Cottrell L et al. The complex business of adapting effective interventions to new populations: an urban to rural transfer. J Adolesc Health 2005;37(2):163.
Villarruel AM, Jemmott JB, III, Jemmott LS. A randomized controlled trial testing an HIV prevention intervention for Latino youth. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2006;160(8):772-7.
Walter HJ, Vaughan RD. AIDS risk reduction among a multiethnic sample of urban high school students. JAMA 1993;270(6):725-30.
Weeks K, Levy SR, Gordon AK, Handler A, Perhats C, Flay BR. Does Parental Involvement Make a Difference? The Impact of Parent Interactive Activities on Students in a School-Based AIDS Prevention Program. AIDS Education & Prevention 1997;9(Suppl A):90-106.
Zimmerman RS, Cupp PK, Hansen GL, Donohew L, Roberto AJ, Dekhtyar O. The Effects of a School-Based HIV and Pregnancy Prevention Program in Rural Kentucky. Unpublished Work.
Aos S, Lieb R, Mayfıeld J, Miller M, Pennucci A. Benefıts and costs of prevention and early intervention programs for youth. Olympia (WA): Washington State Institute for Public Policy, 2004.
Hahn A, Leavitt T, Aaron P. Evaluation of the Quantum Opportunities Program (QOP): did the program work? A report on the postsecondary outcomes and cost-effectiveness of the QOP Program (1989-1993). Waltham (MA): Brandeis University, 1994.
Kennedy MG, Mizuno Y, Seals BF, Myllyluoma J, Weeks-Norton K. Increasing condom use among adolescents with coalition-based social marketing. AIDS 2000;14(12):1809.
Olaiya ST. Medical cost savings attributable to comprehensive sex education programs that delay coitus and increase condom use among adolescents in the U.S. [dissertation]. Columbus (OH): Ohio State University, 2006.
Philliber S, Kaye JW, Herrling S, West E. Preventing pregnancy and improving health care access among teenagers: an evaluation of the Children’s Aid Society-Carrera Program. Perspect Sex Reprod Health 2002;34(5):244–51.
Pinkerton SD, Holtgrave DR, Jemmott JB III. Economic evaluation of HIV risk reduction intervention in African-American male adolescents. J Acquir Immune Defıc Syndr 2000;25(2):164–72.
Rosenthal MS, Ross JS, Bilodeau RA, Richter RS, Palley JE, Bradley EH. Economic evaluation of a comprehensive teenage pregnancy prevention program: pilot program. Am J Prev Med 2009;37(6S1):S2807.
Tao G, Remafedi G. Economic evaluation of an HIV prevention intervention for gay and bisexual male adolescents. J Acquir Immune Defıc Syndr Hum Retrovirol 1998;17(1):83–90.
Wang LY, Davis M, Robin L, Collins J, Coyle K, Baumler E. Economic evaluation of Safer Choices: a school-based human immunodefıciency virus, other sexually transmitted diseases, and pregnancy prevention program. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2000;154(10):1017–24.
Zabin LS, Hirsch MB, Streett R, et al. The Baltimore Pregnancy Prevention Program for Urban Teenagers: I. How did it work? Fam Plann Perspect 1988;20(4):182–7.