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The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) Go to site home page About the Task Force


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The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services

Together, the Community Guide and the Clinical Guide provide evidence-based recommendations across the prevention spectrum.


Violence Prevention: Reducing Psychological Harm from Traumatic Events Among Children and Adolescents

A group of arms extending in so that the hands are stacked one on top of the other

These interventions aim to reduce psychological harm (e.g., depression, post-traumatic stress disorder) to children and adolescents who show psychological symptoms following exposure to traumatic events. Such events may include physical or sexual abuse, school, community or domestic violence, natural disasters, or severe illnesses, among other things.

Task Force Recommendations and Findings

This table lists interventions reviewed by the Community Guide, with a summary of the Task Force finding (definitions of findings). Click on an underlined intervention title for a summary of the review.

Intervention Task Force Finding
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Individual CBT Recommended
June 2006
Group CBT Recommended
June 2006
Other Therapies
Play Therapy Insufficient Evidence
June 2006
Art Therapy Insufficient Evidence
June 2006
Psychodynamic Therapy Insufficient Evidence
June 2006
Pharmacological Therapy Insufficient Evidence
June 2006
Psychological Debriefing Insufficient Evidence
June 2006


The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task Force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.

Sample Citation

The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation: Guide to Community Preventive Services. Violence Prevention: Reducing psychological harm from traumatic events among children and adolescents. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.