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Preventing Dental Caries: Community Water Fluoridation

Included Studies

Arnold FJ, Dean HT. Effect of fluoridated public water supply on dental caries prevalence. Public Health Rep 1956;71:652–8.

Attwood D, Blinkhorn AS. Trends in dental health of ten-year-old school children in south-west Scotland after cessation of water fluoridation. Lancet 1988;2:266–7.

Backer-Dirks O. Some special features of the caries preventive effects of water fluoridation of drinking water in the Netherlands. Arch Oral Biol 1961;4(suppl):187–92.

Beal JF, James PM. Dental caries prevalence in 5-year-old children following five and a half years of water fluoridation in Birmingham. Br Dent J 1971;130:284–8.

Beal JF, Clayton M. Fluoridation. A clinical survey in Corby and Scunthorpe. Public Health 1981;95:152–60.

Booth JM, Mitropoulos CM, Worthington HV. A comparison between the dental health of 3-year-old children living in fluoridated Huddersfield and non-fluoridated Dewsbury in 1989. Community Dent Health 1992;9:151–7.

Brown H, Poplove M. The Brantford-Sarnia-Stratford Fluoridation Caries Study: Final Survey, 1963. Can J Public Health 1965;56:319–24.

Ellwood RP, O’Mullane DM. The association between area deprivation and dental caries in groups with and without fluoride in their drinking water. Community Dent Health 1995;12:18–22.

Evans DJ, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Tabari ED. The effect of 25 years of water fluoridation in Newcastle assessed in four surveys of 5-year-old children over an 18-year period. Br Dent J 1995;178:60–4.

Fanning EA, Cellier KM, Somerville CM. South Australian kindergarten children: effects of fluoride tablets and fluoridated water on dental caries in primary teeth. Aust Dent J 1980;25:259–63.

Guo MK, Hsieh CC, Hong YC, Chen RS. Effect of water fluoridation on prevalence of dental caries in Chung-Hsing New Village, Taiwan, after 9 years. J Formos Med Assoc 1984;83:1035–43.

Hardwick JL, Teasdale J, Bloodworth G. Caries increments over 4 years in children aged 12 at the start of water fluoridation. Br Dent J 1982;153:217–22.

Hawew RM, Ellwood RP, Hawley GM, Worthington HV, Blinkhorn AS. Dental caries in children from two Libyan cities with different levels of fluoride in their drinking water. Community Dent Health 1996;13:175–7.

Kalsbeek H, Kwant GW, Groeneveld A, Dirks OB, van Eck AA, Theuns HM. Caries experience of 15-year-old children in The Netherlands after discontinuation of water fluoridation. Caries Res 1993;27:201–5.

Kunzel W, Fischer T. Rise and fall of caries prevalence in German towns with different F concentrations in drinking water. Caries Res 1997;31:166–73.

Loh T. Thirty-eight years of water fluoridation—the Singapore scenario. Community Dent Health 1996;13(suppl 2):47–50.

Provart SJ, Carmichael CL. The relationship between caries, fluoridation and material deprivation in five-year-old children in County Durham. Community Dent Health 1995;12:200–3.

Rugg-Gunn A, Nicholas K. Caries experience of 5-year-old children living in four communities in North East England receiving differing water fluoride levels. Br Dent J 1981;150:9–12.

Seppa L, Karkkainen S, Hausen H. Caries frequency in permanent teeth before and after discontinuation of water fluoridation in Kuopio, Finland. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1998;26:256–62.

Slade GD, Spencer AJ, Davies MJ, Stewart JF. Influence of exposure to fluoridated water on socioeconomic inequalities in children’s caries experience. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 1996;24:89–100.

Tsutsui A, Yagi M, Horowitz AM. The prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis in Japanese communities with up to 1.4 ppm of naturally occurring fluoride. J Public Health Dent 2000;60:147–53.