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Obesity Prevention and Control: Behavioral Interventions that Aim to Reduce Recreational Sedentary Screen Time Among Children

Included Studies - Effectiveness Review

The number of studies and publications do not always correspond (e.g., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications).


Birken CS, Maguire J, Mekky M, Manlhiot C, Beck CE, DeGroot J, et al. Office-based randomized controlled trial to reduce screen time in preschool children. Pediatrics 2012;130(6):1110-1115.

Epstein LH, Roemmich JN, Robinson JL, Paluch RA, Winiewicz DD, Fuerch JH, et al. A randomized trial of the effects of reducing television viewing and computer use on body mass index in young children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2008;162(3):239-45.

Escobar-Chaves SL, Markham CM, Addy RC, Greisinger A, Murray NG, Brehm B. The Fun Families Study: intervention to reduce children's TV viewing. In: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.); 2010. p. S99-101.

Ford BS, McDonald TE, Owens AS, Robinson TN. Primary care interventions to reduce television viewing in African-American children. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2002;22(2):106-9.

Gorin A, Raynor H, Chula‚ÄźMaguire K, Wing R. Decreasing household television time: a pilot study of a combined behavioral and environmental intervention. Behavioral Interventions 2006;21(4):273-280.

Johnson DB, Birkett D, Evens C, Pickering S. Statewide intervention to reduce television viewing in WIC clients and staff. American Journal of Health Promotion 2005;19(6):418-21.*

Ni Mhurchu C, Roberts V, Maddison R, Dorey E, Jiang Y, Jull A, et al. Effect of electronic time monitors on children's television watching: pilot trial of a home-based intervention. Preventive Medicine 2009;49(5):413-7.

Otten JJ, Jones KE, Littenberg B, Harvey-Berino J. Effects of television viewing reduction on energy intake and expenditure in overweight and obese adults: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Internal Medicine; 2009. p. 2109-15.

Robinson TN. Reducing children's television viewing to prevent obesity: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1999;282(16):1561-7.*

Robinson TN, Borzekowski DL. Effects of the SMART classroom curriculum to reduce child and family screen time. Journal of Communication 2006;56(1):1-26.

Todd MK, Reis-Bergan MJ, Sidman CL, Flohr JA, Jameson-Walker K, Spicer-Bartolau T, et al. Effect of a family-based intervention on electronic media use and body composition among boys aged 8--11 years: a pilot study. Journal of Child Health Care 2008;12(4):344-58.

Zimmerman FJ, Ortiz SE, Christakis DA, Elkun D. The value of social-cognitive theory to reducing preschool TV viewing: A pilot randomized trial. Preventive Medicine 2012;54(3-4):212-8.


Branscum PW. Designing and evaluating an after-school social cognitive theory based comic book intervention for the prevention of childhood obesity among elementary aged school children. Dissertation Abstracts International Section A: Humanities and Social Sciences 2012;73(1-A):87.

Campbell KJ, Lioret S, McNaughton SA, Crawford DA, Salmon J, Ball K, et al. A parent-focused intervention to reduce infant obesity risk behaviors: A randomized trial. Pediatrics 2013;131(4):652-60.

Davison KK, Jurkowski JM, Li K, Kranz S, Lawson HA. A childhood obesity intervention developed by families for families: Results from a pilot study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10(3).

de Silva-Sanigorski AM, Bell AC, Kremer P, Nichols M, Crellin M, Smith M, et al. Reducing obesity in early childhood: results from Romp & Chomp, an Australian community-wide intervention program. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2010;91(4):831-40.

Dennison BA, Russo TJ, Burdick PA, Jenkins PL. An intervention to reduce television viewing by preschool children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2004;158(2):170-6.*

Epstein LH, Paluch RA, Gordy CC, Dorn J. Decreasing sedentary behaviors in treating pediatric obesity. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2000;154(3):220-6.*

Epstein LH, Valoski AM, Vara LS, McCurley J, Wisniewski L, Kalarchian MA, et al. Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children. Health Psychology 1995;14(2):109-15.*

Ezendam NP, Brug J, Oenema A. Evaluation of the web-based computer-tailored FATaintPHAT intervention to promote energy balance among adolescents: results from a school cluster randomized trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2012;166(3):248-55.

French SA, Gerlach AF, Mitchell NR, Hannan PJ, Welsh EM. Household obesity prevention: take action- a group-randomized trial. Obesity 2011;19(10):2082-8.

Gentile DA, Welk G, Eisenmann JC, Reimer RA, Walsh DA, Russell DW, et al. Evaluation of a multiple ecological level child obesity prevention program: Switch what you do, view, and chew. BMC Medicine 2009;7:49.

Goldfield GS, Mallory R, Parker T, Cunningham T, Legg C, Lumb A, et al. Effects of open-loop feedback on physical activity and television viewing in overweight and obese children: a randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics 2006(1):e157-66.

Gortmaker SL, Cheung LWY, Peterson KE, Chomitz G, Cradle JH, Dart H, et al. Impact of a school-based interdisciplinary intervention on diet and physical activity among urban primary school children: Eat well and keep moving. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1999;153(9):975-83.*

Gortmaker SL, Peterson K, Wiecha J, Sobol AM, Dixit S, Fox MK, et al. Reducing obesity via a school-based interdisciplinary intervention among youth: Planet Health. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1999(4):409-18.*

Hardy LL, King L, Kelly B, Farrell L, Howlett S. Munch and Move: evaluation of a preschool healthy eating and movement skill program. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity 2010;7:80.

Harrison M, Burns CF, McGuinness M, Heslin J, Murphy NM. Influence of a health education intervention on physical activity and screen time in primary school children: 'Switch Off-Get Active'. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2006;9(5):388-94.

Jago R, Sebire SJ, Turner KM, Bentley GF, Goodred JK, Fox KR, et al. Feasibility trial evaluation of a physical activity and screen-viewing course for parents of 6 to 8 year-old children: Teamplay. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2013;10(31).

Johnson B, Kremer P, Swinburn B, de Silva-Sanigorski A. Multilevel analysis of the Be Active Eat Well intervention: environmental and behavioural influences on reductions in child obesity risk. International Journal of Obesity 2012;36(7):901-7.

Jouret B, Ahluwalia N, Dupuy M, Cristini C, Negre-Pages L, Grandjean H, et al. Prevention of overweight in preschool children: results of kindergarten-based interventions. International Journal of Obesity 2009;33(10):1075-83.

Lloyd JJ, Wyatt KM, Creanor S. Behavioural and weight status outcomes from an exploratory trial of the Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP): a novel school-based obesity prevention programme. BMJ Open 2012;2(3).

Marcus C, Nyberg G, Nordenfelt A, Karpmyr M, Kowalski J, Ekelund U. A 4-year, cluster-randomized, controlled childhood obesity prevention study: STOPP. International Journal of Obesity 2009;33(4):408-17.

O'Connor T, Hilmers A, Watson K, Baranowski T, Giardino A. Feasibility of an obesity intervention for paediatric primary care targeting parenting and children: Helping HAND. Child: Care, Health and Development 2013;39(1):141-9.

Patrick K, Calfas KJ, Norman GJ, Zabinski MF, Sallis JF, Rupp J, et al. Randomized controlled trial of a primary care and home-based intervention for physical activity and nutrition behaviors: PACE+ for adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2006;160(2):128-36.

Puder JJ, Marques-Vidal P, Schindler C, Zahner L, Niederer I, Burgi F, et al. Effect of multidimensional lifestyle intervention on fitness and adiposity in predominantly migrant preschool children (Ballabeina): cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2011;343:d6195.

Riggs NR, Sakuma K-LK, Pentz MA. Preventing risk for obesity by promoting self-regulation and decision-making skills: Pilot results from the PATHWAYS to health program (PATHWAYS). Evaluation Review 2007;31(3):287-310.

Robinson TN, Killen JD, Kraemer HC, Wilson DM, Matheson DM, Haskell WL, et al. Dance and reducing television viewing to prevent weight gain in African-American girls: the Stanford GEMS pilot study. Ethnicity and Disease 2003;13(1 SUPPL. 1):S1.

Robinson TN, Matheson DM, Kraemer HC, Wilson DM, Obarzanek E, Thompson NS, et al. A randomized controlled trial of culturally tailored dance and reducing screen time to prevent weight gain in low-income African American girls: Stanford GEMS. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2010;164(11):995-1004.

Roemmich JN, Gurgol CM, Epstein LH. Open-loop feedback increases physical activity of youth. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2004(4):668-73.

Roemmich JN, Lobarinas CL, Barkley JE, White TM, Paluch R, Epstein LH. Use of an open-loop system to increase physical activity. Pediatric Exercise Science 2012;24(3):384-98.

Salmon J, Ball K, Hume C, Booth M, Crawford D. Outcomes of a group-randomized trial to prevent excess weight gain, reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity in 10-year-old children: Switch-play. International Journal of Obesity 2008;32(4):601-12.

Salmon J, Jorna M, Hume C, Arundell L, Chahine N, Tienstra M, et al. A translational research intervention to reduce screen behaviours and promote physical activity among children: Switch-2-Activity. Health Promotion International 2011;26(3):311-21.

Sanigorski AM, Bell AC, Kremer PJ, Cuttler R, Swinburn BA. Reducing unhealthy weight gain in children through community capacity-building: results of a quasi-experimental intervention program, Be Active Eat Well. International Journal of Obesity 2008;32(7):1060-7.

Shapiro JR, Bauer S, Hamer RM, Kordy H, Ward D, Bulik CM. Use of text messaging for monitoring sugar-sweetened beverages, physical activity, and screen time in children: A pilot study. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2008;40(6):385-91.

Spring B, Schneider K, McFadden HG, Vaughn J, Kozak AT, Smith M, et al. Multiple behavior changes in diet and activity: a randomized controlled trial using mobile technology. Archives Internal Medicine 2012;172(10):789-96.

Spruijt-Metz D, Nguyen-Michel ST, Goran MI, Chou CP, Huang TT. Reducing sedentary behavior in minority girls via a theory-based, tailored classroom media intervention. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity 2008;3(4):240-8.

Taveras EM, Gortmaker SL, Hohman KH, Horan CM, Kleinman KP, Mitchell K, et al. Randomized controlled trial to improve primary care to prevent and manage childhood obesity: the High Five for Kids study. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2011;165(8):714-22.

Tucker S, Lanningham-Foster L, Murphy J, Olsen G, Orth K, Voss J, et al. A school based community partnership for promoting healthy habits for life. Journal of Community Health 2011;36(3):414-22.

Warren JM, Henry CJ, Lightowler HJ, Bradshaw SM, Perwaiz S. Evaluation of a pilot school programme aimed at the prevention of obesity in children. Health Promotion International 2003;18(4):287-96.

Whaley SE, McGregor S, Jiang L, Gomez J, Harrison G, Jenks E. A WIC-based intervention to prevent early childhood overweight. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2010;42(3, Suppl):S47-51.

* Identified in the Original Search Period (1966-July 2007)