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The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide) Go to site home page About the Task Force


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The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services

Together, the Community Guide and the Clinical Guide provide evidence-based recommendations across the prevention spectrum.


Diabetes Prevention and Control

Woman pricking her finger to test blood

Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from problems in how insulin is produced, how insulin works, or both. People with diabetes may develop serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness, leg amputations, and premature death. Diabetes can be treated and managed by healthful eating, regular physical activity, and medications to lower blood glucose levels.

Prediabetes is when someone has a blood sugar level higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. People with prediabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Without lifestyle changes to improve their health, 15% to 30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years (CDC) External Web Site Icon.

Task Force Recommendations and Findings

This table lists interventions reviewed by the Community Guide, with a summary of the Task Force finding (definitions of findings). Click on an underlined intervention title for a summary of the review.

Intervention Task Force Finding
Combined Diet and Physical Activity Promotion Programs to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Among People at Increased Risk Recommended
July 2014
Case Management Interventions to Improve Glycemic Control Recommended
January 2001
Disease Management Programs Recommended
December 2000
Interventions Engaging Community Health Workers Recommended
August 2016
Self-Management Education
In Community Gathering Places - Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Recommended
March 2001
In the Home - Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Recommended
March 2001
In the Home – People with Type 2 Diabetes Insufficient Evidence
March 2001
In Recreational Camps Insufficient Evidence
March 2001
In Worksites Insufficient Evidence
September 2000
In School Settings Insufficient Evidence
September 2000

Presentations and Promotional Materials

Action Guides

Diabetes Self-Management Education: Establishing a Community-Based DSME Program for Adults with Type 2 Diabetes to Improve Glycemic Control — An Action Guide External Web Site Icon
Developed by Partnership for Prevention with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

One Pagers

Combined Diet and Physical Activity Promotion Programs to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Among People at Increased Risk Adobe PDF File [PDF - 454 kB]

Promotional Materials

Community Guide News: Now Published! Task Force Says Diet + Physical Activity Programs Help People at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
Developed by The Community Guide

What Works - Fact Sheets

What Works: Diabetes Prevention and Control – brochure and insert Adobe PDF File [PDF - 1.27 MB]


The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task Force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.

Sample Citation

The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation:
Guide to Community Preventive Services. Diabetes prevention and control. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.