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The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services

Together, the Community Guide and the Clinical Guide provide evidence-based recommendations across the prevention spectrum.

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Heart disease and stroke kill nearly 800,000 Americans each year--but they don’t have to. Find out why.

1 in 2 36 million of the 67 million people who have high blood pressure don't have it under control.

Be one in a million hearts. Get Involved.

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control

A blue, semi-transparent digital image of a human torso; the heart is featured in bright red

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to several types of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels. The most common type of heart disease in the U.S. is coronary artery disease (CAD), which can lead to heart attacks (CDC)External Web Site Icon.

  • CVD is the leading cause of death in the world, responsible for 30% of all deaths globally (WHO)External Web Site Icon, and 1 in 3 (over 800,000) deaths in the U.S. (CDC/MMWR) Adobe PDF File [PDF - 248 kB] External Web Site Icon.
  • CVD is the leading cause of death for both men (CDC)External Web Site Icon and women in the U.S. (CDC)External Web Site Icon
  • High blood pressure and high cholesterol are two major risk factors for heart disease. About half of U.S. adults with high blood pressure and nearly 2 out of 3 U.S. adults with high cholesterol don't have their condition yet under control (CDC/Vital Signs)External Web Site Icon.
  • In the U.S., annual direct and overall costs resulting from CVD are estimated at $273 billion and $444 billion, respectively (CDC/MMWR). Adobe PDF File [PDF - 248 kB] External Web Site Icon

Many CVD risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, excess weight, poor diet, smoking, and diabetes can be prevented or treated through health behavior change and appropriate medication. Some unpreventable risks for CVD are related to heredity, medical history, age, gender, and race. There are also a number of underlying social, economic, and cultural determinants of CVD such as stress, education level, income, and insurance status.

Task Force Recommendations and Findings

This table lists interventions reviewed by the Community Guide, with a summary of the Task Force finding (definitions of findings). Click on an underlined intervention title for a summary of the review.

Clinical Decision-Support Systems (CDSS) Recommended
April 2013
Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs for Cardiovascular Disease Preventive Services for Patients with High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol Recommended
November 2012
Team-Based Care to Improve Blood Pressure Control Recommended
April 2012

Presentations and Promotional Materials

Community Guide In Action: Stories from the Field

Planning a Strategy: Changing the Way a County Health Department Addresses Health Conditions Adobe PDF File [PDF - 591 kB]

Slides and Presentations

Public Health Grand Rounds — Preventing 1 Million Heart Attacks and Strokes by 2017: the Million Hearts Initiative External Web Site Icon
Hosted by CDC

Promotional Materials

Community Guide News: Clinical Decision-Support Systems Improve Provider Practices for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Developed by The Community Guide in collaboration with CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Community Guide News: Manuscripts Available: Team-Based Care to Improve Blood Pressure Control
Developed by The Community Guide in collaboration with CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Community Guide News: Reducing Patients' Out-of-Pocket Medication Costs Helps Control Blood Pressure and Cholesterol
Developed by The Community Guide in collaboration with CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Media Outreach

CDC Media Release: Task Force Recommends Team-Based Care for Improving Blood Pressure Control External Web Site Icon Developed by CDC's Division for Heart Disease and Stroke in collaboration with Prevention The Community Guide

For More Information

CDC, Division of Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention External Web Site Icon

CDC Prevention Status Report – Heart Disease and Stroke External Web Site Icon

NIH, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute External Web Site Icon

Million Hearts™ External Web Site Icon campaign to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes over five years

American Heart Association External Web Site Icon

World Health Organization External Web Site Icon




Disclaimer

The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task Force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.

Sample Citation

The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation: Guide to Community Preventive Services. Cardiovascular disease prevention and control. www.thecommunityguide.org/cvd/index.html. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.