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Celebrate 10 Years with Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T.

Preventing Skin Cancer: Interventions in Outdoor Occupational Settings

Task Force Finding

The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends interventions in outdoor occupational settings to prevent skin cancer based on strong evidence of effectiveness in increasing outdoor workers’ sun protective behaviors (e.g., use of sunscreen or sun protective clothing or combination of sun protective behaviors) and reducing sunburns.

Read the full Task Force Finding and Rationale Statement for details including implementation issues, possible added benefits, potential harms, and evidence gaps.

Intervention Definition

Interventions in outdoor occupational settings to promote sun protective behaviors among workers include at least one of the following:

  • Educational approaches (e.g., providing informational messages about sun protection to workers through instruction, small media such as posters or brochures, or both)
  • Activities designed to influence knowledge, attitudes, or behavior of workers (e.g., modeling or demonstrating behaviors)
  • Environmental approaches to encourage sun protection (e.g., providing sunscreen or shade)
  • Policies to support sun protection practices (e.g., requiring sun protective clothing)

About the Systematic Review

This Task Force finding is based on evidence from a Community Guide systematic review published in 2004 (7 studies with behavioral outcomes; search period January 1966 – June 2000) combined with more recent evidence (8 studies, search period June 2000 – April 2013). It updates and replaces a previous Task Force finding on Education and Policy Approaches in Outdoor Recreational Settings.

This review was conducted on behalf of the Task Force by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice and policy related to preventing skin cancer. Subscribe External Web Site Icon to be notified as new materials on this topic become available.

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Supporting Materials

Publication Status

Full peer-reviewed articles of this systematic review will be posted on the Community Guide website when published. Subscribe External Web Site Icon to be notified when we post these publications or other materials. See our library for previous Community Guide publications on this and other topics.


The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task Force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.

Sample Citation

The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation: Guide to Community Preventive Services. Preventing skin cancer: interventions in outdoor occupational settings (abbreviated). www.thecommunityguide.org/cancer/skin/education-policy/outdooroccupations.html. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.

Review completed: August 2013