Preventing Skin Cancer: Interventions in Outdoor Occupational Settings
Task Force Finding
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends interventions in outdoor occupational settings to prevent skin cancer based on strong evidence of effectiveness in increasing outdoor workers’ sun protective behaviors (e.g., use of sunscreen or sun protective clothing or combination of sun protective behaviors) and reducing sunburns.
Read the full Task Force Finding and Rationale Statement for more detailed information on the finding, including implementation issues, potential benefits and harms, and evidence gaps.
Interventions in outdoor occupational settings to promote sun protective behaviors among workers include at least one of the following:
- Educational approaches (e.g., providing informational messages about sun protection to workers through instruction, small media such as posters or brochures, or both)
- Activities designed to influence knowledge, attitudes, or behavior of workers (e.g., modeling or demonstrating behaviors)
- Environmental approaches to encourage sun protection (e.g., providing sunscreen or shade)
- Policies to support sun protection practices (e.g., requiring sun protective clothing)
About the Systematic Review
This Task Force finding is based on evidence from a Community Guide systematic review published in 2004 (7 studies with behavioral outcomes; search period January 1966 – June 2000) combined with more recent evidence (8 studies, search period June 2000 – April 2013). It updates and replaces a previous Task Force finding on Education and Policy Approaches in Outdoor Recreational Settings.
This review was conducted on behalf of the Task Force by a team of specialists in systematic review methods, and in research, practice and policy related to preventing skin cancer. Subscribe to be notified as new materials on this topic become available.
The findings and results of this systematic review have not been published. Read other Community Guide publications about Cancer Prevention and Control in our library. You can also subscribe to be notified as new materials on this topic become available.
The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC.
The content of publications of the Guide to Community Preventive Services is in the public domain. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated. Sample citation: Guide to Community Preventive Services. Preventing skin cancer: interventions in outdoor occupational settings (abbreviated). www.thecommunityguide.org/cancer/skin/education-policy/outdooroccupations.html. Last updated: MM/DD/YYYY.
Review completed: August 2013
- Page last reviewed: October 21, 2013
- Page last updated: October 21, 2013
- Content source: The Guide to Community Preventive Services