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All Findings of the Community Preventive Services Task Force

Improving Adolescent Health

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Person-to-Person Interventions to Improve Caregivers' Parenting Skills Recommended October 2007
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Preventing Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Interventions Directed to the General Population
Dram Shop Liability Recommended March 2010
Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention (e-SBI) Recommended August 2012
Increasing Alcohol Taxes Recommended June 2007
Maintaining Limits on Days of Sale Recommended June 2008
Maintaining Limits on Hours of Sale Recommended February 2009
Overservice Law Enhancement Initiatives Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Privatization of Retail Alcohol Sales Recommended Against April 2011
Regulation of Alcohol Outlet Density Recommended February 2007
Responsible Beverage Service Training Insufficient Evidence October 2010
Interventions Directed to Underage Drinkers
Enhanced Enforcement of Laws Prohibiting Sales to Minors Recommended February 2006
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Asthma Control

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Home-Based Multi-Trigger, Multicomponent Environmental Interventions
For Children and Adolescents with Asthma Recommended June 2008
For Adults with Asthma Insufficient Evidence June 2008
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Preventing Birth Defects

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Community-Wide Campaigns to Promote the Use of Folic Acid Supplements Recommended June 2004
Interventions to Fortify Food Products with Folic Acid Recommended June 2008
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Cancer Prevention and Control

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Increasing Breast, Cervical, and Colorectal Cancer Screening

Client-Oriented Interventions
Client Reminders
Breast Cancer Recommended July 2010
Cervical Cancer Recommended July 2010
Colorectal Cancer Recommended July 2010
Client Incentives
Breast Cancer Insufficient Evidence July 2010
Cervical Cancer Insufficient Evidence July 2010
Colorectal Cancer Insufficient Evidence July 2010
Small Media
Breast Cancer Recommended December 2005
Cervical Cancer Recommended December 2005
Colorectal Cancer Recommended December 2005
Mass Media
Breast Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Cervical Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Colorectal Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Group Education
Breast Cancer Recommended October 2009
Cervical Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Colorectal Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
One-on-One Education
Breast Cancer Recommended March 2010
Cervical Cancer Recommended March 2010
Colorectal Cancer Recommended March 2010
Reducing Structural Barriers
Breast Cancer Recommended March 2010
Cervical Cancer Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Colorectal Cancer Recommended March 2010
Reducing Client Out-of-Pocket Costs
Breast Cancer Recommended October 2009
Cervical Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Colorectal Cancer Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Provider-Oriented Interventions
Provider Assessment and Feedback Recommended October 2009
Provider Incentives Insufficient Evidence October 2009
Provider Reminder and Recall Systems Recommended February 2006

Preventing Skin Cancer

Education and Policy Approaches
Child Care Centers Recommended May 2013
Healthcare Settings and Providers Insufficient Evidence July 2002
High School- and College-based Interventions Insufficient Evidence May 2013
Outdoor Occupational Settings Recommended August 2013
Outdoor Recreational and Tourism Settings Recommended April 2014
Primary and Middle School Interventions Recommended August 2012
Interventions Targeting Parents and Caregivers
Interventions Targeting Children's Parents and Caregivers Insufficient Evidence July 2002
Community-Wide Interventions
Mass Media Insufficient Evidence June 2011
Multicomponent Community-Wide Interventions Recommended April 2012

Promoting Informed Decision Making for Cancer Screening

Promoting Informed Decision Making for Cancer Screening Insufficient Evidence February 2002
Archived Cancer Reviews and Findings
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Diabetes Prevention and Control

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Combined Diet and Physical Activity Promotion Programs to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes Among People at Increased Risk Recommended July 2014
Case Management Interventions to Improve Glycemic Control Recommended January 2001
Disease Management Programs Recommended December 2000
Self-Management Education
In Community Gathering Places - Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Recommended March 2001
In the Home - Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Recommended March 2001
In the Home – People with Type 2 Diabetes Insufficient Evidence March 2001
In Recreational Camps Insufficient Evidence March 2001
In Worksites Insufficient Evidence September 2000
In School Settings Insufficient Evidence September 2000
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Emergency Preparedness and Response

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
School Dismissals to Reduce Transmission of Pandemic Influenza Recommended August 2012
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Promoting Health Equity

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Education Programs and Policies

Comprehensive, Center-Based Programs for Children of Low-Income Families to Foster Early Childhood Development Recommended June 2000
Full-Day Kindergarten Programs Recommended December 2011
High School Completion Programs Recommended December 2013
Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs
Reading-focused Recommended December 2013
Math-focused Recommended December 2013
General Recommended December 2013
Academic Programs with Minimal Academic Content Insufficient Evidence December 2013

Culturally Competent Health Care

Cultural Competency Training for Healthcare Providers Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Culturally Specific Healthcare Settings Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Use of Interpreter Services or Bilingual Providers Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Use of Linguistically and Culturally Appropriate Health Education Materials Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Programs to Recruit and Retain Staff Who Reflect the Community's Cultural Diversity Insufficient Evidence October 2001

Housing Programs and Policies

Mixed-Income Housing Developments Insufficient Evidence October 2000
Tenant-Based Rental Assistance Programs Recommended February 2001
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Preventing HIV/AIDS, Other STIs, and Teen Pregnancy

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Interventions for Adolescents

Group-Based Behavioral Interventions
Abstinence Education Interventions for Adolescents Insufficient Evidence June 2009
Comprehensive Risk Reduction Interventions for Adolescents Recommended June 2009
Youth Development Behavioral Interventions
Interventions Coordinated with Community Service to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adolescents Recommended October 2007
Interventions Coordinated with Work or Vocational Training to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adolescents Insufficient Evidence April 2008
Interventions Coordinated with Sports or Club Participation to Reduce Sexual Risk Behaviors in Adolescents Insufficient Evidence April 2008

Interventions for Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)

Behavioral Interventions to Increase Protective Behaviors
Delivered at the Individual Level Recommended June 2005
Delivered at the Group Level Recommended June 2005
Delivered at the Community Level Recommended June 2005

Partner Counseling and Referral Services

Interventions to Identify HIV-Positive People Through Partner Counseling and Referral Services
Partner Notification by Provider Referral Recommended February 2005
Partner Notification by Contract Referral Insufficient Evidence February 2005
Partner Notification by Patient Referral Insufficient Evidence February 2005
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Improving Mental Health and Addressing Mental Illness

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Collaborative Care for the Management of Depressive Disorders Recommended June 2010
Mental Health Benefits Legislation Recommended August 2012
Interventions to Reduce Depression Among Older Adults
Home-Based Depression Care Management Recommended February 2008
Clinic-Based Depression Care Management Recommended February 2008
Community-Based Exercise Interventions Insufficient Evidence February 2008
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Motor Vehicle-Related Injury Prevention

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Use of Child Safety Seats

Laws Mandating Use Recommended June 1998
Community-Wide Information and Enhanced Enforcement Campaigns Recommended June 1998
Distribution and Education Programs Recommended June 1998
Incentive and Education Programs Recommended June 1998
Education Programs When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 1998

Use of Motorcycle Helmets

Universal Helmet Laws Recommended August 2013

Use of Safety Belts

Laws Mandating Use Recommended October 2000
Primary (vs. Secondary) Enforcement Laws Recommended October 2000
Enhanced Enforcement Programs Recommended October 2000

Reducing Alcohol-Impaired Driving

0.08% Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) Laws Recommended August 2000
Lower BAC Laws for Young or Inexperienced Drivers Recommended June 2000
Maintaining Current Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA) Laws Recommended August 2000
Publicized Sobriety Checkpoint Programs Recommended August 2012
Mass Media Campaigns Recommended June 2002
Multicomponent Interventions with Community Mobilization Recommended June 2005
Ignition Interlocks Recommended April 2006
School-Based Programs
Instructional Programs Recommended October 2003
Peer Organizing Interventions Insufficient Evidence October 2003
Social Norming Campaigns Insufficient Evidence October 2003
Designated driver promotion programs
Incentive Programs Insufficient Evidence October 2003
Population-Based Campaigns Insufficient Evidence October 2003
Archived Motor Vehicle Injury Reviews and Findings
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Promoting Good Nutrition

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
School-Based Programs Promoting Nutrition and Physical Activity Insufficient Evidence June 2003
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Obesity Prevention and Control

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Provider-Oriented Interventions

Provider Education Insufficient Evidence October 2007
Provider Feedback Insufficient Evidence October 2007
Provider Reminders Insufficient Evidence October 2007
Provider Education with a Client Intervention Insufficient Evidence February 2008
Multicomponent Provider Interventions Insufficient Evidence February 2008
Multicomponent Provider Interventions with Client Interventions Insufficient Evidence February 2008

Interventions in Community Settings

Behavioral Interventions that Aim to Reduce Recreational Sedentary Screen Time Among Children Recommended August 2014
School-Based Programs Insufficient Evidence October 2003
Worksite Programs Recommended February 2007
Technology-Supported Multicomponent Coaching or Counseling Interventions
To Reduce Weight Recommended June 2009
To Maintain Weight Loss Recommended June 2009
Archived Obesity Reviews and Findings
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Improving Oral Health

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Dental Caries (Cavities)

Community Water Fluoridation Recommended April 2013
Statewide or Community-Wide Sealant Promotion Insufficient Evidence April 2013
School-Based or -Linked Sealant Delivery Programs Recommended April 2013

Oral Cancers and Potentially Malignant Disorders

Population-Based Interventions for Early Detection Insufficient Evidence October 2013

Preventing Craniofacial Injuries

Community-Based Interventions to Encourage Use of Helmets, Facemasks, and Mouthguards in Contact Sports Insufficient Evidence October 2013
Archived Oral Health Reviews and Findings
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Increasing Physical Activity

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Behavioral and Social Approaches

Individually-Adapted Health Behavior Change Programs Recommended February 2001
Social Support Interventions in Community Settings Recommended February 2001
Family-Based Social Support Insufficient Evidence February 2001
Enhanced School-Based Physical Education Recommended December 2013
College-Based Physical Education and Health Education Insufficient Evidence February 2001
Classroom-Based Health Education to Reduce TV Viewing and Video Game Playing Insufficient Evidence October 2000

Campaigns and Informational Approaches

Community-Wide Campaigns Recommended February 2001
Stand-Alone Mass Media Campaigns Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Classroom-Based Health Education Focused on Providing Information Insufficient Evidence October 2000

Environmental and Policy Approaches

Community-Scale Urban Design and Land Use Policies Recommended June 2004
Creation of or Enhanced Access to Places for Physical Activity Combined with Informational Outreach Activities Recommended May 2001
Street-Scale Urban Design and Land Use Policies Recommended June 2004
Transportation and Travel Policies and Practices Insufficient Evidence February 2004
Point-of-Decision Prompts to Encourage Use of Stairs Recommended June 2005
Archived Physical Activity Reviews and Findings
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Reducing Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Community Education to Reduce Secondhand Smoke Exposure in the Home Insufficient Evidence February 2000
Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs Recommended August 2014
Incentives and Competitions to Increase Smoking Cessation
When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2005
When Combined with Additional Interventions Recommended June 2005
Internet-Based Cessation Interventions Insufficient Evidence December 2011
Interventions to Increase the Unit Price for Tobacco Products Recommended November 2012
Mass Media - Cessation Contests Insufficient Evidence May 2000
Mass-Reach Health Communication Interventions Recommended April 2013
Mobile Phone-Based Cessation Interventions Recommended December 2011
Quitline Interventions Recommended August 2012
Reducing Out-of-Pocket Costs for Evidence-Based Cessation Treatments Recommended April 2012
Smoke-Free Policies Recommended November 2012
Restricting Minors' Access to Tobacco Products
Community Mobilization with Additional Interventions Recommended June 2001
Community Education About Youth Access to Tobacco Products When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Active Enforcement of Sales Laws Directed at Retailers When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Retailer Education with Reinforcement and Information on Health Consequences When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Retailer Education without Reinforcement When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Laws Directed at Minors' Purchase, Possession, or Use of Tobacco Products When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Sales Laws Directed at Retailers When Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2001
Inactive/Archived Tobacco Reviews and Findings
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Increasing Appropriate Vaccination

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Universally Recommended Vaccinations

Enhancing Access to Vaccination Services
Expanded Access in Healthcare Settings when Used Alone Insufficient Evidence December 1997
Home Visits to Increase Vaccination Rates Recommended March 2009
Reducing Client Out-of-Pocket Costs Recommended October 2008
Vaccination Programs in Schools and Organized Child Care Centers Recommended June 2009
Vaccination Programs in WIC Settings Recommended March 2009
Increasing Community Demand for Vaccinations
Client or Family Incentive Rewards Recommended April 2011
Client Reminder and Recall Systems Recommended February 2008
Client-Held Paper Immunization Records Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Clinic-Based Education when Used Alone Insufficient Evidence February 2011
Community-Based Interventions Implemented in Combination Recommended June 2010
Community-Wide Education when Used Alone Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Monetary Sanction Policies Insufficient Evidence April 2011
Vaccination Requirements for Child Care, School and College Attendance Recommended June 2009
Provider- or System-Based Interventions
Health Care System-Based Interventions Implemented in Combination Recommended December 2010
Immunization Information Systems Recommended July 2010
Provider Assessment and Feedback Recommended February 2008
Provider Education when Used Alone Insufficient Evidence March 2010
Provider Reminders Recommended June 2008
Standing Orders Recommended December 2009
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Violence Prevention

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date

Early Childhood Home Visitation

To Prevent Child Maltreatment Recommended February 2002
To Prevent Intimate Partner Violence Insufficient Evidence February 2002
To Prevent Violence by Parents (Other than Child Maltreatment or Intimate Partner Violence) Insufficient Evidence February 2002
To Prevent Violence by Children Insufficient Evidence February 2002

Firearms Laws

Bans on Specified Firearms or Ammunition Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Restrictions on Firearm Acquisition Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Waiting Periods for Firearm Acquisition Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Firearm Registration and Licensing of Firearm Owners Insufficient Evidence October 2001
"Shall issue" Concealed Weapons Carry Laws Insufficient Evidence April 2002
Child Access Prevention (CAP) Laws Insufficient Evidence April 2002
Zero Tolerance of Firearms in Schools Insufficient Evidence October 2001
Combinations of Firearms Laws Insufficient Evidence April 2002

Reducing Psychological Harm from Traumatic Events Among Children and Adolescents

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Individual CBT Recommended June 2006
Group CBT Recommended June 2006
Other Therapies
Play Therapy Insufficient Evidence June 2006
Art Therapy Insufficient Evidence June 2006
Psychodynamic Therapy Insufficient Evidence June 2006
Pharmacological Therapy Insufficient Evidence June 2006
Psychological Debriefing Insufficient Evidence June 2006

School-Based Programs

School-Based Programs to Reduce Violence Recommended June 2005

Therapeutic Foster Care

Therapeutic Foster Care to Reduce Violence
For Chronically Delinquent Juveniles Recommended June 2002
For Children with Severe Emotional Disturbance Insufficient Evidence June 2002

Youth Transfer to Adult Criminal System

Policies Facilitating the Transfer of Juveniles to Adult Justice Systems Recommended Against April 2003
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Worksite Health Promotion

Community Preventive
Services Task Force
Finding
Date
Interventions to Promote Seasonal Influenza Vaccinations among Healthcare Workers
Interventions with On-Site, Free, Actively Promoted Vaccinations Recommended June 2008
Interventions with Actively Promoted, Off-Site Vaccinations Insufficient Evidence June 2008
Interventions to Promote Seasonal Influenza Vaccinations among Non-Healthcare Workers
Interventions with On-Site, Reduced Cost, Actively Promoted Vaccinations Recommended June 2008
Interventions with Actively Promoted, Off-Site Vaccinations Insufficient Evidence June 2008
Assessment of Health Risks with Feedback (AHRF) to Change Employees' Health
AHRF Used Alone Insufficient Evidence June 2006
AHRF Plus Health Education with or without Other Interventions Recommended February 2007
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Disclaimer

The findings and conclusions on this page are those of the Community Preventive Services Task Force and do not necessarily represent those of CDC. Task Force evidence-based recommendations are not mandates for compliance or spending. Instead, they provide information and options for decision makers and stakeholders to consider when determining which programs, services, and policies best meet the needs, preferences, available resources, and constraints of their constituents.